Neurological diseases are the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and modern treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Aging is the greatest risk factor for neurological diseases, as the frequency of neurological diseases appears to increase with increasing life expectancy. Especially people with additional diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes, they need to undergo a neurological evaluation in terms of the risk of cerebrovascular disease even if they do not have additional complaints. Preventive measures are the most important methods of treatment not only in terms of neurological diseases but also for all diseases, but these preventive measures become more important, especially when brain damage is something that cannot be treated often. Also, applying to the correct department in the presence of an abnormal health-related condition provides the possibility of accurate and early diagnosis for patients and thus ensuring timely intervention. Therefore, knowledge of common complaints related to neurological diseases, common diseases and diagnostic methods will prevent time loss and material losses in patients.
Symptoms and neurological outcomes
The most common causes of progression in outpatient neurological clinics are headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fainting, forgetfulness, numbness in the arms and legs, pain and power loss, and involuntary movements.
The most common groups of diseases are migraines and other headache diseases, epilepsy, vascular brain diseases, sleep disorders, vertigo, Parkinson’s and other movement disorders, multiple sclerosis, and muscle diseases.
It is a laboratory in which methods used to diagnose neurological disorders and sometimes treat neurological disorders are applied.
It is applied in cases of fainting and other changes in consciousness and in cases of diseases such as epilepsy. It provides an assessment of the normal and pathological activity of the brain.
It is an important planning in evaluating congenital or acquired muscle diseases and in assessing peripheral nerve damage such as polyneuropathy.
Sleep Study (Sleep Test)
It is applied in the diagnosis of sleep disorders such as sleep apnea syndrome, narcoleptic seizures, involuntary leg movement syndrome and dental grinding.
The effect of visual capabilities
It is used to evaluate the brain’s response to stimuli given from outside.
Botulinum toxin application
It is an injection method that is applied in chronic headaches such as migraines, movement disorders, in the treatment of muscle stiffness in the name of spastic paralysis.